PUBLIC SAFETY INFORMATION
Health Services will be provided for all inmates who are in need of treatment and care to reduce suffering from medical or mental problems.
Each Adult Detention Facility is staffed by licensed medical personnel twenty-four (24) hours daily to provide routine and emergency services.
If an inmate requires medical, dental, or mental health services of a non-emergency nature, you must complete a medical request form and give to a Medical Provider.
All prescriptions and non-prescription medication will be dispensed to the inmate in their housing unit by a member of the medical staff. It is the inmate's responsibility to respond to pill call.
Inmate health care provided by California Forensic Medical Group (CFMG).
Facility medical services include:
• Screening of new bookings
• Pill call rounds in housing areas
• Physician sick call
• Coverage of medical infirmary when inmate occupied
• Referral service for hospitalization and specialty clinics as needed
• Dental services
• Mental Health Services
Inmates will not be used for the following duties:
• Performing direct patient care services
• Scheduling health care appointments
• Determining access of other inmates to Health Care services
• Handling or having access to surgical instruments, syringes, needles, medications, and health records
• Operating equipment for which they are not trained
• Housing assignments
• Program assignments
• Disciplinary measures
• Transfers in and out of the Facilities
Inmate initiated medical visits will result in a charge to the inmate of $3.00 per visit. Inmate health service co-pay charges will be exempted for the following care:
• Health appraisals (14-day physicals)
• Public Health evaluations
• Prenatal services and all services related to pregnancy
• Public Health programs that are funded by other sources
• Laboratory and diagnostic services
• Life threatening emergency services
• Follow-up monitoring of chronic health conditions (e.g. hypertension services, seizure monitoring, medications monitoring)
• Mental health services
An inmate may refuse both emergency and non-emergency treatment, medical, or psychiatric care. Inmates are to be informed that they may refuse treatment and that they may be treated by their own private doctor at the Facility, but the inmate or their insurance carrier shall be liable for any charges for the services of the doctor. Use of over the counter medications is not included in this requirement. This includes aspirin, laxatives, and antacids, etc.
Inmates who are so intoxicated as to be a danger to themselves, shall be placed in a detoxification cell and evaluated by medical staff. Any inmate whose condition requires them to remain in the detoxification cell in excess of six (6) hours shall be observed and examined by medical staff to ascertain if there is a medical problem. Inmates who are undergoing acute withdrawal reactions, upon the direction of medical staff, shall be transferred to the designated medical facility.
In the absence of medical staff, inmates who are determined to be undergoing acute withdrawal reactions shall, at the direction of the Shift Sergeant, be transferred to the designated medical facility.
MENTALLY DISORDERED PERSONS
Any staff member who has reason to believe an inmate is suffering from a mental disorder shall immediately report this to a supervisor who shall take appropriate action to segregate the inmate and to arrange for an evaluation as soon as practical. At the request of the medical/mental health staff, arrangements shall be made to transfer a mentally disordered inmate to the proper facility for diagnosis, evaluation, and treatment under the authority of 4011.6 of the Penal Code. If an inmate is transferred to such a facility, the Director of Mental Health is to be notified as soon as possible. If local charges are pending against the inmate, the court shall also be notified of the transfer.
THE SUICIDAL INMATE
USE OF SAFETY CELL - Inmates who display bizarre behavior which results in the destruction of property or reveals an intent to cause self-inflicted physical harm shall be placed in a safety cell only with the approval of the facility commander or the shift sergeant. Retention of an inmate in a safety cell must be reviewed by the facility commander or the shift sergeant at a minimum of every eight hours. Medical/Mental Health staff will be notified of the placement within one hour. The inmate shall be medically cleared for continued retention every 6 hours thereafter. A mental health assessment and evaluation shall be conducted within the first 12 hours of placement into the safety cell. Direct visual observation shall be provided at least twice every thirty minutes.
The decision to remove all clothing shall be individualized and based on the clear justification of the shift sergeant that retention of the clothing represents a risk to the safety of the individual or facility security.
If an inmate makes a suicidal threat while intoxicated or on drugs, the above procedure should be followed as well as notifying Medical.
Inmates will remain in protective security as long as the Mental Health Team assesses them to be a danger to themselves.
Notifications sent to Mental Health should be as explicit as possible about the nature of the behavior and the threat.
If an inmate declares themselves "suicidal" at booking, Medical will be called immediately. The on-call Mental Health Provider will be called as soon as possible.
When an inmate continues to be a danger to themselves and is kept in the Safety Cell over a period of time, an Inmate Worker or Jail staff should monitor their use of eating utensils and retrieve articles when the inmate has completed the meal.
LEVELS OF SUICIDE PRECAUTION
The Jail staff has been instructed to place any person who threatens or gestures suicide into a Safety Cell (see above) until seen by Mental health staff, thereby alleviating a clinical judgment call on their part. Inmates will remain in protective security as long as the Mental Health Team assesses them to be a danger to themselves.
HEAT PLAN FOR INMATES ON PSYCHOTROPIC MEDICATIONS
For those inmates taking psychotropic medications it is important that they do not become overly exposed to direct sunlight without proper protection, or heat in excess of 86 degrees Fahrenheit without relief. Medical precautions for an inmate on neuroleptic medication due to the increased photosensitivity and heat sensitivity will be made.
In the event of an air conditioning failure at either the Men’s Jail or the Public Safety Center, a staff member will be assigned a room thermometer to monitor the temperature in the immediate area where inmates taking psychotropic medications are housed. If the room temperature reaches 86 degrees Fahrenheit action will be taken as follows:
• The temporary rise in temperature: Inmate will be observed closely for complaints of being too hot at which time they will be placed immediately into a cool shower where they can remain until the air conditioning is repaired.
• Long term problem with cooling: Inmates will be transported via air-conditioned vehicle to a facility where air conditioning is functioning properly until the affected facility’s temperature returns to 86 degrees Fahrenheit or below.
An inmate may refuse county treatment and request treatment by their own local dentist at their own expense. The Facility Commander, upon conference with the medical staff, may authorize the removal to the private dentist for treatment. The inmate shall be required to pay the cost for a guard and transportation.
Arrangements with the private dentist must be made in advance, and the cost for the guard and transportation shall be paid in advance of the date and time of the appointment.
MANAGEMENT OF PHARMACEUTICALS
The prescribing, dispensing, and administering of drugs will be done in compliance with appropriate Federal and State laws by qualified medical health personnel. All administered medication is to be taken immediately and in front of Health Services personnel after they have confirmed the identity of the inmate. Psychotropic medications are prescribed only when clinically indicated as one facet of a program of therapy. They will not be used as a means of chemical restraint. Medical staff prescribing medication to inmates will include a "stop order" date for the medication and re-evaluate the prescription prior to renewal.
All controlled substances, syringes, and needles will be stored in the Medical Room (nurse’s station) when not in use. The Medical Supervisor / Supervising NP/designee will be responsible for assigning a staff member to inventory weekly the narcotics, syringes, needles, and blades.
First aid kits are available in designated areas, approved by the Medical Supervisor, of the Facilities. The Operations Deputy will be responsible for checking and ordering supplies for the first aid kits as they are used through the Medical Department in the respective facility. First aid supplies are for the use of both staff and inmates.
Inmates will normally be transported by staff to the specified medical facility in county vehicles. The on-call ambulance services will be requested via County Communication if required. If the emergency medical service can be provided at the Facility by the Adult Detention medical staff, and they are available, do not transport the inmate to the hospital.
The Shift Supervisor responsible for authorizing the transfer to Stanislaus Medical Center shall make a determination as to whether a guard is needed. They shall consider the charges against the inmate, the inmate’s prior record, the inmate’s physical condition, and any recommendations of other staff members. (Refer to section 8-3 Guarding Inmates at Medical Facilities).
INMATE MEDICAL RECORDS
Inmate medical records will be maintained separately from the inmate booking pouch by Medical staff. Access to the inmate medical records will be controlled by Medical staff. Health Services staff will share with the Facility Commanders/designee any information which the Health Services staff determines to be necessary for the management of inmates security status and ability to participate in programs.
The inmate's consent is required for transfer of health services records unless the records are transferred directly from one Health Services provider to another for the express purpose of providing continued patient care. Other releases of confidential information will be controlled by the patient's consent unless otherwise stated by law. (W & I 5328)
Summaries or copies of inmate health services records will be routinely sent to the Facility Health Services Department to which the inmate is transferred, in a confidential manner.
EMERGENCY CONTACT OF INMATE’S NEXT OF KIN
In the case of serious illness or injury of an inmate, their next of kin will only be notified by the Shift Sergeant or designee. Should an inmate desire notification of next of kin in an emergency situation, the inmate must provide information on whom to contact. The inmate’s willingness to provide emergency contact information indicates the inmate’s permission for emergency notification of next of kin by Facility staff.
The Shift Sergeant or designee will only notify an inmate’s next of kin in cases where the inmate is not physically able or mentally capable of making the notification on their own volition. An incident report will be completed regarding the emergency contact notification indicating the necessity for same.
MENTALLY DISORDERED INMATES - TRANSFER TO TREATMENT FACILITY
A mentally disordered inmate who appears to be a danger to themselves or others, or to be gravely disabled, shall be transferred to a treatment facility designated by the County and approved by the State Department of Health Services for diagnosis and treatment of such apparent mental disorder.
Inmates found unable to be cared for adequately within any Jail shall be transferred to a designated treatment facility as soon as possible.
If there is a need for Jail staff to stay at Stanislaus Behavioral Health Center (SBHC) with the inmate, the following criteria are to be considered:
• Inmate’s level of agitation and/or aggressive behavior. i.e., SBHC cannot manage.
• Need for restraint.
• Known potential escape risk.
• Acuity level of SBHC (this criterion is not to be used alone to determine the need for Jail staff but in combination with the above).
Any inmate who has or is suspected of having vermin (body, head or pubic lice), shall be reported immediately to the medical staff who shall prescribe treatment. The medical staff shall arrange for treatment and control of the areas where the inmate had contact with other inmates. Each Facility has scheduled pest control service. Additional pest control service shall be requested when it appears to be needed.